What is Hapkikwan

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Boris Krivokapic, jumping turning back kick.
King's Palace Ch'angdokkung, Seoul, South Korea, 1994.

Hapkikwan is a comprehensive martial art


Hapkikwan (from Korean: hap – harmony, ki – inner power, energy, kwan - school) is modern, comprehensive martial art, founded in 1994. by Prof. Boris Krivokapic, Ph.D. (LL.D.) who at that time had full 20 year of practicing various martial arts. Professor Krivokapic is one of leading experts in the region in the field of Public International Law and at the same time intenationaly recognized grandmaster and master in several martial arts (he has been practicing martial arts since 1974).


Hapkikwan was created upon Korean Hapkido, which is one of the most complete and most eficient self-defence systems. More specific, it's basys was mainly Moo Lim Won Hapkido which Boris Krivokapic practiced in 1994. in Seoul (Korea) as personal student of Grandmaster Choi Sang Heum (Moo Lim Won Hapkido Founder and President). The other main source is Hoshinkido Hapkido in which Boris Krivokapic is representative for Serbia and Balkan states of Grandmaster Serge Baubil, 10th Dan, Hoshinkido Hapkido Founder and President of the International Hoshinkido Hapkido Federation. Both schools (Moo Lim Won & Hoshinkido Hapkido) are based upon one of the hardest Hapkido schools - Bum Moo Hapkido, developed in 1968. by Grandmaster Kim Yun Sik (10th Dan).


Although in the begining it represented more or less just one of various schools of Hapkido, during the years Hapkikwan has developed and significantly changed. Many compatible elements from other martial arts were built into it, as well as some techniques and approaches from the finghting tradition of Slavic peoples. Also, Hapkikwan is enriched by many new ideas, concepts, methods, tactics, techniques and drills which based on his big experience, invented Prof. Krivokapic himself.


Based on scientific approach and practical aspects, Hapkikwan is shaped in such a manner to produce complete fihgter, and in a wider sence, complete person. It is made free from any unnecessary traditional forms of irrational movements and everything else that interferes with or slows progress.


The basic idea has always been that the art must be maximally effective and versatile, it must provide answers to all situations and at the same time cover all types of techniques, but without favoring any of them. In this sense, holder of black belt in Hapkikwan, is supposed to know to safely fall, masterly punch and kick, be proficinet in the use of dozens of throws and joint locks. He must know how to defend against all attacks (punches, grabs and weapon attacks, etc.) and must be equally good in the standing fight and in the fight on the ground. In addition, in Hapkikwan one learns how to fight against multiple attackers, how to use the whole arsenal of weapons. He also learns special breathing exercises, acupressure points, meditation, basics of chiropractic and traditional medicine and so on.

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Training (class) is organized in a manner that it is very interesting for students. Practicioners almost always work with a partner. Many different techniques are practiced in each class.


Although there are several types of free sparring in Hapkikwan, it is not martial sport, but martial arts. The purpose of training is not to prepare practitioners for sport competition. The idea is not to collect medals, but to master the comprehensive and highly effective self-defense skills.

 
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Does all this mean that Hapkikwan is the best martial art? Of couse not! There is no such thing as «the best martial art»! There are so many other serious martial arts which follow the same or similar goals, but which are based on diferent principles, techniques, tactics etc. There is not such thing as tme most beautiful song, best book, the most delicious dish ... There are only good songs, good books, delicious food ... and each for himself chooses what suits him. Hapkikvan is just one of many roads, the road that meets the interests and needs of those who follow it. There are, of course, also other roads, which attract other praciticicants. And it is good that it is this way.

Choke (with arms) and
joint lock on elbow (with legs)
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Boris Krivokapić, Tanzania 1995.

   

 

Diference in coparison with traditional Hapkido


The roots of Hapkikwan are in Korean Hapkido. It is indicated by the very name of Hapkikwan, which is very similar to the name of Hapkido, except that instead of “way” (Korean: do) it mentionss a “school” (kwan).


However, although Hapkikwan and Hapkido are not the same martial arts. Compared to traditional Hapkido, Hapkikwan has retained the idea of a comprehensive approach to fighting (basic assumption that students need to master all aspects of combat). Also many techniques are basicaly the same. However, there are big differences.


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The very curriculum is significantly different, different is the way of movement, different are the ways of performing punches and kicks, understanding of blocks and choice of blocks is completely different, many new specific exercises are incorporated (exercises for developments of coordination, strengthening the body and the mind, etc..). Hapkikwan program includes breaking of boards, several types of free sparring (classic Hapkido does not involve breaking techniques· or free spraing). In Hapkikwan it is highly developed fighting on the ground (in the classical Hapkido fighting on the ground is not payed so much attention), some weapons are completely different (there are several weapons from the tradition of Slavic peoples). Special attention is given to specific psychological training of practitioner, developing a sense for good tactics, and so on. After all, the very tactics of fighting are significantly different.


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Girls are very succesfull in Hapkikwan

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On the other hand, in comparison with the classical in Hapkido, in Hapkikwan considerably less attention is paid to traditional medicine (acupuncture, acupressure, fixing bones, healing herbs, etc.). Namely, the general idea is that those who have medical problems should be left for the care of professional medical staff. Despite this, the basic elements of acupressure, chiropractic, etc. are required for higher Hapkikwan black belts.

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Who can practice Hapkikwan?


Hapkikwan is suitable for all ages and both genders. The lowest age limit for the start of training is about 5-6 years, and the top does not exist.

Since it is not the physical power that is the most important in Hapkikwan, but the technique, speed, composure etc. it is not surprising that female students are very successful. After all, in practice they make about 30% of all the members.

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Competitions


Although, as mentioned above, competitions are not primarly goal, practitioners of Hapkikwan occasionally participate in various sport competitions, under different rules - at the Championships in self-defense, free sparring, breaking boards, in fitness competitions (Boot Camps) and the like. This is done on a voluntary basis (only one who wants to) and is seen as a kind of so called situational training i.e. something that serves for a general practitioner's progress.

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The martial art, but also anti-stress program, fitness and friendship


Hapkikwan is a martial art. The basic purpose of studing and practicing it is  getting the ability to defend, if necessary, ourselves or another victims of illegal attack.


However, similar to other serious martial arts, Hapkikwan is not not just learning different ways to overcome the opponent. Regular exercise in many ways contributes to spiritual development, strengthening character, personal development... Among other matters, the training is a great fitness and anti-stress program. Finally, it is also an excellent form of socializing, making new friends.


In this regard, although the majority of novice enrole in order to learn to fight (to learn self-defense) very soon they notice that  Hapkikwan training enriches their lives in many different ways. Not only they become more relaxed, much more self-confident and inclined, happier and more optimistic than before, but they also gain new friends.

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Almost imperceptibly, for the vast majority of Hapkikwan practitioners training  becomes an integral part of everyday life, something that is not skipped. After a while, almost every one of them begins to look at training and fighting in a completely different manner.

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Limbo in the Hapkikwan manner

In addition, the training is very serious and concentrated, but also foster a spirit of friendship among athletes, who help each other on a common path of progress. The club is seen as a kind of extended family, where it exercise seriously and diligently, but where it also hangs. Although very serious and efficient when performing techniques, demonstration, sparring, breaking boards and the like.,  Hapkikwan students are at the same time known as cheerful bunch, always ready to joke and socialize.

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